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Bamboo handicraft production and value chain analysis in Kampot and Kampong Chhnang – Cambodia

Date : 2011-02-10 12:18:21

DescriptionBamboo handicraft production in Cambodia is characterized by a large variety of traditional products with specific uses. Crafting is generally undertaken by women who wishes to combine this activity with their housewives tasks, at home, despite the income generated are generally relatively low compared to other employment opportunities: in most of the cases, the income from bamboo handicraft production are lower than 3,000 Riels for one working day. Men are mainly in charge of bamboo collection, either wild bamboo species as generally used in Kampot and Kampong Bay districts of Kampot province, or domestic species broadly used in other places (Kampong Trach district n Kampot province, and Kampong Chhnang province.) Production’s processes are manual and do not incorporate any technological improvement, which explain a very low productivity rate. In spite of the significant input in term of labour, bamboo handicraft producers generally get a relatively small part of the added value, whereas collectors and traders take benefit of a dominant position in the value chain, quite often associated with credit or cash advance services to producers. Thus, marjet opportunities exists, and it seems the selling of handicraft products is not a major obstacle. But the sector is not very adaptative to changes in the demand, due to very high specialisation of producers and absence of innovation in the design of products. Last, but not least, concerns exists regarding the raw bamboo resources, both for wild bamboo (in particular with a ban on the access to wild bamboo growing in Teuk Chhou Mountain) and for domestic species for which the growing areas cannot be extended.

http://prosperityinitiative.org/images/stories/pdf/Bamboo%20Handicraft%20Production%20and%20Value%20Chain%20Study%20-%20Cambodia%20GRET.pdf

Street Address

CityParis, Phnom Penh

CountryFrance

DescriptionBamboo handicraft production in Cambodia is characterized by a large variety of traditional products with specific uses. Crafting is generally undertaken by women who wishes to combine this activity with their housewives tasks, at home, despite the income generated are generally relatively low compared to other employment opportunities: in most of the cases, the income from bamboo handicraft production are lower than 3,000 Riels for one working day. Men are mainly in charge of bamboo collection, either wild bamboo species as generally used in Kampot and Kampong Bay districts of Kampot province, or domestic species broadly used in other places (Kampong Trach district n Kampot province, and Kampong Chhnang province.) Production’s processes are manual and do not incorporate any technological improvement, which explain a very low productivity rate. In spite of the significant input in term of labour, bamboo handicraft producers generally get a relatively small part of the added value, whereas collectors and traders take benefit of a dominant position in the value chain, quite often associated with credit or cash advance services to producers. Thus, marjet opportunities exists, and it seems the selling of handicraft products is not a major obstacle. But the sector is not very adaptative to changes in the demand, due to very high specialisation of producers and absence of innovation in the design of products. Last, but not least, concerns exists regarding the raw bamboo resources, both for wild bamboo (in particular with a ban on the access to wild bamboo growing in Teuk Chhou Mountain) and for domestic species for which the growing areas cannot be extended.

Name of InstitutionGroupe de Recherche et d’Echanges Technologiques (GRET)

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