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Valuing Culture in Oceania: Methodology and indicators for valuing culture, including traditional knowledge, in Oceania

Date : 2010-11-30 13:19:21

DescriptionExecutive summary: Culture has always been an integral component of development. The idea that ‗culture matters‘ in development processes is not a new one, but the central role it plays in achieving sustainable development has only recently been recognised by development planners and incorporated into development policy. Since the World Decade for Cultural Development (1988–1997), a series of significant international meetings have focused on creating harmony between culture and development, harnessing culture to achieve sustainable development, and promoting cultural creativity and diversity through development. Organisations such as UNESCO have been instrumental in placing culture at the heart of development policy and planning. UNESCO has created a number of conventions to protect all forms of culture, the most recent being the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions 2005. In Oceania the importance of culture to development has been recognised at the highest levels: by the Pacific Ministers of Culture in their 2002 Declaration, which included the promotion of sustainable and profitable cultural industries as a priority; and by the Pacific Islands Forum trade ministers and leaders, who incorporated it into the Pacific Plan (2005). While Oceania is a region rich in culture and cultural diversity, the role played by culture in achieving economic growth, sustainable development, good governance and security (the four pillars of the Pacific Plan), is not well understood. Even within the Pacific Plan itself, culture only appears in one of the four pillars (i.e. sustainable development). As this report will show, culture is integral to achieving all objectives across the four pillars of the Pacific Plan. Culture is fundamental to sustainable development, and in the current climate of global economic recession it has the potential to contribute to economic growth and security through employment linked to services (d'Almeida 2009:2). Promoting cultural values and identities also has the potential to improve social cohesion and wellbeing and to contribute to good governance in a time of crisis. The main objective of this project was to develop a methodology and to propose indicators for valuing culture, including traditional knowledge, in Oceania. The methodology and indicators comprise the first essential step in formulating a regional cultural strategy, to maintain and strengthen Pacific cultural identity for the consideration of Pacific leaders in 2010. (...) Fr: Le rapport intitulé Methodology and indicators for valuing culture, including traditional knowledge, in Oceania a été publié en octobre. Il a été produit par Synexe Consulting Limited pour le compte du Programme de développement humain de la Communauté du Pacifique. « La culture a toujours fait partie intégrante du développement. Son importance dans les processus de développement n'est pas nouvelle, mais ce n'est que récemment que les planificateurs en développement lui ont reconnu un rôle moteur dans le développement durable et qu'ils l'ont intégrée aux politiques de développement. Depuis la Décennie mondiale du développement culturel (1988-1997), une série d'importantes réunions internationales ont porté sur la recherche d'équilibre entre culture et développement, sur l'intégration de la culture au développement durable, et sur la promotion de la créativité et diversité culturelles grâce au développement. Des organismes comme l'UNESCO ont joué un rôle déterminant dans l'avènement de la culture au coeur de l'élaboration de politiques et de projets de développement. L'UNESCO a notamment permis l'adoption d'un certain nombre de conventions protégeant toutes les formes de culture, dont la plus récente est la Convention de 2005 sur la protection et la promotion de la diversité des expressions culturelles », peut-on lire dans le site de la Communauté du Pacifique.

http://www.spc.int/hdp/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=255&Itemid=44

Name of InstitutionValuing Culture in Oceania: Methodology and indicators for valuing culture, including traditional knowledge, in Oceania

Author(s) NameKristen Patin

Added/Updated byKristen Patin



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